عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim and Introduction. Organizations to get distance of environmental challenges and maintain competitiveness, past approaches and solutions lost need to use the capability and the current environment that requires new paradigms and perspectives. Therefore, agility is a strategic and new weapon to take advantage of potential opportunities as well as positively deal with environmental threats . Agility almost rejects the old ways of doing things that fit the traditional operating conditions and emphasizes the approach that in a highly competitive environment, organizations need to be very flexible and very sensitive to change. . On the other hand, research shows that 46% of the failures of organizations in making changes, organizational improvement and overall adaptation to environmental conditions, are due to incorrect leadership style . Today, managing and leading advanced and complex organizations such as knowledge-based organizations in a highly dynamic and changing environment requires leaders who have the ability to adopt flexible and adaptable strategies based on external and internal dynamics, and from a broader perspective to Recognize and evaluate different conditions and respond quickly to these conditions. Leaders who have the adaptability and flexibility to lead in challenging and unpredictable situations . In the management and leadership literature, these leaders known as agile leaders. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify and explain the most effective and efficient components affecting agile leadership style using Fuzzy Dematel method.
Methodology. This research is a type of research mixed with a qualitative and quantitative approach in the inductive paradigm, which applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-survey in terms of nature and method. The statistical population of the research was the managers of knowledge-based companies in Lorestan Province, about thirty experts selected according to purposive sampling method. In the qualitative part, a semi-structured interview used to collect information, the validity and reliability of which confirmed using CVR coefficient and Kappa-Cohen test, and the data obtained from the interview were analyzed using Atlas.ti software and coding method. Factors affecting agile leadership style identified. In the quantitative part, a pairwise comparison questionnaire was used to collect information, the validity and reliability of which were confirmed by content validity and retesting , and the most effective and influential components affecting agile leadership style were identified using the Fuzzy Dematel method
Findings. Factors affecting agile leadership style in knowledge-based organizationsincluding high flexibility, high communication skills, risk-taking and foresight, intellectual curiosity, high emotional intelligence, insight and having Broad vision, criticism and strong will and perseverance are in the cause group, which shows the importance and great impact of these factors on other parameters affecting the formation of agile leadership in knowledge-based organizations. In addition, cheerfulness and openness, strong social relationships, creative thinking, a relationship with respect, striving for self-improvement and employees, a relationship with support, empathy and intimacy, self-motivation and injecting passion and enthusiasm into employees, resilience High and belief in the abilities of themselves and employees are among the most effective parameters in the formation of agile leadership. In fact, these parameters are much more influential than other factors.
Discussion and Conclusion. Leadership style is not only one of the key factors that determine the growth or failure of the organization, but also considered to determine the strategies that govern it . In fact, leadership is the most important factor in the continuation of life and success in the organization and is a fulcrum around which all other variables interact . One of the reasons for the vital importance of leadership in the organization is its strong influence on the behavior of followers, so that it is claimed that the role of leadership in the organization determines the difference between great success or complete failure . Undoubtedly, the key to the success and growth of social organizations and enterprises is the result of the effectiveness and positive actions of their leaders (54). Therefore, the activity of knowledge-based companies in an environment full of change that requires rapid response and appropriate adaptation to these change, requires the presence of agile leaders with high flexibility and environmental awareness and the ability to make rational and effective decisions in complex, unstable and unstable environments. Rapidly changing knowledge-based organizations can bring these organizations to shore of success by undergoing dramatic changes and transformations. Agile leaders who have the necessary emotional intelligence and skills and can promote effective cooperation and teamwork in the organization by communicating effectively and understanding the feelings of employees to guide their organization well in difficult situations and uncertainties and high complexities.