نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 عضو هیات علمی / موسسه آموزش عالی امام جواد یزد
2 استاد تمام دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران
3 استاد تمام دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
4 پژوهشگر پسادکتری پویایی شناسی سیستمها، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، مدیر گروه پژوهشی پویایی شناسی سیستمها در
5 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت کارآفرینی و پژوهشگر گروه پژوهشی پویایی شناسی سیستمها در موسسه آموزش عالی امام جواد(ع) یزد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim and Introduction: Despite the elite and educated forces in the country and the existence of science and technology parks to support them and the impact of park policies on established companies, human resources and society; The question is why there is no relative satisfaction with the human resource situation of science and technology parks and technology companies. This issue is more important because the country's macro orientations are towards the knowledge-based economy, and in this economy, the main factor is human knowledge resources. So, the purpose of this study is to investigate the dynamic structure of the support system in the human resource structure of science and technology parks.
Methodology: This research has been done by using system dynamics approach and through group model building method.This research is a mixed method research (qualitative and quantitative) and in terms of purpose, it is an applied research. In order to conduct the present study, using expert opinion in in-depth group modeling interviews, problem redefining as well as dynamic hypothesis and various models of system dynamics (including behavior diagrams over time, rich picture, cause and effect diagrams and flow) were designed. For this purpose, according to Winz and Gary (2007) from a group of 8 people whose members were purposefully selected, which included two managers from the park headquarters, two managers from technology companies, two employees from technology companies and two university graduates.
Finding: The findings of this study were analyzed in the form of system dynamics modeling steps using Vensim software. Examination of the data in the dynamic problem definition showed that despite the growth of human resources in the environment and consequently the park's expectations of human resources growth of companies, the quality of human resources of technology companies has not grown much over time and has continued to move with an almost constant trend. This issue shows the importance of effective factors as well as effective policies on improving the quantitative and qualitative level of human resources in science and technology parks. Problem modeling also showed that the whole system consists of two interactive human resource models in the headquarters of science and technology parks and an interactive human resource model in technology companies with 6 reinforcing loops and 5 balancing loops.
Discussion and Conclusion: The results of modeling led to the identification of three strategies for reducing park support along with the development of park services, the establishment of a center for evaluation and development of human resources and the development of institutions and educational processes of science and technology parks.