نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران
2 دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Innovation governance refers to the active role of the government in the innovation system where it should pave the way for innovations via participatory decision-making, cooperation between those in power, as well as developing and proposing clear goals and targets that make it possible to design appropriate policies for innovation. Most of the problems and challenges that counties, especially less developed ones, encounter in terms of innovation are related to innovation governance. Furthermore, the first step in promoting and enhancing innovation governance is to know countries’ current status. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to identify and prioritize indicators for evaluation of innovation governance at macro level. To that end, first, the available literature was reviewed and experts were consulted to extract the indictors for evaluation of innovation governance at macro level. Then, these indicators were weighed and prioritized using fuzzy SWARA.
finally, using the main indicators of innovation governance at the Macro Level As well as analyzing the policies applied in science, technology and innovation, the status of Turkey's innovation governance as a developing country whose experiences in science and technology policy making could be useful to the Islamic Republic of Iran was examined.