عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim and introduction: Organizational pessimism has a diminishing effect on thinking, attitude, behavior, and performance of the individual in the organization, and the continuation of this category in the individual causes it to spread to other individuals and organizational groups, which is certainly a much larger and more costly dimension of pessimism at the group level. Due to the necessity of the subject and also addressing newer topics in the field of organizational studies that affect the efficiency of employees as much as possible, successful organizations have paid special attention to this important issue and instead of emphasizing quantitative goals, emphasize capacity building and quality improvement of human resources at all levels. . To achieve this goal, it is necessary to pay attention to various factors affecting employees' attitudes and their consequences, one of which is to study the factors affecting pessimism and its consequences to reduce pessimism. . Pessimism among academics and the amount of research done is very low and also that many academic members of the university due to their high level of education and abilities consider themselves free from occupational and organizational injuries and the ability to manage personal, professional and they see the organization as pessimism. This article has been considered by the author, so the study of factors affecting pessimism and its consequences and awareness of employees' reactions to organizational pessimism can understand its importance and reduce pessimism and destructive organizational effects. And its job helps a lot.
According to the main purpose of this research, the main focus of the questions that will be discussed in this research is as follows and the main purpose:
Designing a model of organizational pessimism at the level of universities in Kashan and determining the fit of the designed conceptual model and sub-objectives are as follows:
Identify the conditions for organizational pessimism
Identify the main phenomenon of organizational pessimism
Identify the context and context of organizational pessimism
Identify the intervening factors of organizational pessimism
Identify organizational pessimism strategies
Identify the consequences of organizational pessimism
The research method is of the purpose type. The present research is an applied purpose and the research has a combined method in nature and is considered qualitative-quantitative research.
Qualitative research method (contextual theory)
The research method in the qualitative part is the underlying theory.
Data collection method
The data in a quantitative part is based on a researcher-made questionnaire that includes 6 dimensions of questionnaires of factors affecting organizational pessimism (causal conditions), the structure of organizational pessimism (central phenomenon), areas affecting organizational pessimism (underlying conditions), intervening factors affecting Organizational pessimism (intervening conditions), strategies for dealing with organizational pessimism (strategies and strategies) and consequences of organizational pessimism (consequences) have been prepared. In the quantitative analysis section, several different tests are used in the descriptive and inferential statistics section. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test is used to check the normality of the data. To evaluate the construct validity of the questionnaire, the measurement model was used, and to examine the relationships between the variables, structural equation modeling was used. It should be noted that the software used in this study are: Spss and pls software
The first research question:
What is the appropriate model for organizational pessimism in Kashan universities?
Summary of the results of research propositions
Result Standard coefficient Direction Statement
Meaningful 0.70 Causal conditions - a central phenomenon 1
Meaningful 0.74 Background conditions - strategies and strategies 2
Meaningful 0.75 Stakeholders - Strategies 3
Meaningful 0.70 Central Phenomenon - Strategies and Strategies 4
Meaningful 0.67 Strategies and Strategies - Consequences 5
The second research question:
Is the designed model suitable for organizational pessimism in Kashan universities?
Based on the data of this question, to test the model designed for organizational pessimism obtained in Kashan universities, first, the measurement model for each of the 6 sections of qualitative findings was examined. The results of measurement models indicate that the models are suitable for measuring variables. Then, a structural model has been fitted, and the results indicate the appropriate design of the model for organizational pessimism in Kashan universities.
The first research hypothesis
Confirmed by t-value of 7.721 and impact factor of 0.712 with 95% confidence
The second research hypothesis
Confirmed by t-value of 8.163 and impact factor of 0.753 with 95% confidence
The third research hypothesis
Confirmed by t-value of 8.272 and impact factor of 0.762 with 95% confidence.
The fourth research hypothesis
Confirmed by t-value of 8.272 and impact factor of 0.761 with 95% confidence
Fifth research hypothesis:
With an at-value of 7.063 and an impact factor of 0.664, it is confirmed with 95% confidence. The practical suggestions were presented as follows.
Discussion and Conclusion: This study was conducted to design an organizational pessimism model based on a contextual data approach in Kashan universities. The research method was qualitative and quantitative. The data of the present study were obtained through interviews with 16 professors and specialists of Kashan universities and the researcher's observations in the field of research. Data were analyzed using the grounded theory method. To achieve this goal, the data collected from the interviews were first coded. Coding included free coding, selective coding, and axial coding, which eventually formed the core of the theory and organizational model of pessimism in Kashan universities? Using these categories and components, causal conditions, intervention conditions, contexts, outcomes, and strategies and their relationships with the main group were identified.
In other words, based on qualitative analysis and data-based methods, 287 concepts were identified. These concepts created the conceptual model of the research concerning each other and then in the quantitative part, based on the collected data, the model was examined using the structural equation model. The results showed that at the 95% confidence level, the relationships between the variables were confirmed; Therefore, the research model was adopted. In other words, causal and conditional conditions affect the central phenomenon (organizational pessimism). In addition, the central phenomenon (organizational pessimism) affects strategies. Stakeholders and contextual factors also influence strategies, and ultimately strategies influence outcomes.