استراتژی‌های نگهداری و عملکرد کسب و کار

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه سمنان، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، گروه مدیریت صنعتی

2 عضو هسته پژوهشی مدیریت محصولات در کلاس جهانی (صنعت خودروسازی ایران)، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری

چکیده

هدف اصلی تحقیق، ارائه ساختاری چند بعدی جهت تبیین تاثیر استراتژی‌های نگهداری بر عملکرد کسب و کار در شرکت‌های کوچک و متوسط تولیدی می‌باشد. این تحقیقِ کاربردی به صورتی پیمایشی– همبستگی– علّی و با کمک 95 مدیر در شرکت‌های تولیدی کوچک و متوسط صورت گرفته است. در این تحقیق از روش آلفای کرونباخ برای بررسی پایایی و از دو روش بررسی محتوا و سازه، برای بررسی روایی استفاده شده است. در تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها، از تحلیل عاملی تاییدی، همبستگی، آزمون همخطی و تحلیل مسیر استفاده شده است. جنبه نوآوری تحقیق را می‌توان ایجاد نگاهی جدید به رابطه استراتژی‌های نگهداری با عملکرد کسب و کار در شرکت‌های کوچک و متوسط تولیدی و انتخاب استراتژی مناسب نگهداری برای اینگونه شرکت‌ها دانست. در این تحقیق تاثیر انواع استراتژی‌های نگهداری بر عملکرد کسب و کار بررسی و روابط موجود در مدل معرفی شده به صورتی کمی، نه توصیفی، بیان شده است. مهمترین استراتژی از منظر مدیران شرکت‌ها، استراتژی پیشگویانه است. استراتژی مهم بعدی، استراتژی اصلاحی می‌باشد. استراتژی‌های نگهداری بهره‌ور جامع و برون‌سپاری به علت وجود هزینه‌های بالا و نبود سیستم‌های تولیدی پیشرفته و وسیع در این شرکت‌ها از اهمیت کمتری برخوردار بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Maintenance Strategies and Business Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Shafiei Nikabadi 1
  • Sh. Zamanlo 2
1 Assistant Professor of Industrial Management Department, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
2 Member of Research Core of World Class Production Management (Car Industry in Iran), Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The main goal of the paper is to presenting a multidimensional structure to describing the effect of Maintenance Strategies on Business Performance in Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). This applied research is done as a Survey-Correlation-Cause and Effect Study with the help of 95 Managers of Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises in Iran. Cronbach's Alfa is used to assess Reliability and Content and Construct Analysis are used to assess Validity. Data Analysis is done by Confirmative Factor Analysis, Correlation Test, Co linearity Test and Path Analysis. Innovation aspect of this research is to create a new approach to the relation of Maintenance Strategies with Business Performance in MSMEs and selecting an appropriate maintenance strategy for MSMEs. This paper tries to assess the effect of maintenance strategies types on Business Performance. In this research, all relations between Conceptual Models are analyzed quantitatively. The findings show that Predictive Maintenance has the greatest impact on Business Performance. Then, Corrective Maintenance, Total Productive Maintenance and Outsourcing of Maintenance Practices and Activities are important.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Multidimensional Structure
  • maintenance
  • Maintenance Strategies
  • Business performance

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