شناسایی زمینه‌های ادغام و اکتساب در تعاونی‌های تولید بخش کشاورزی ایران

نوع مقاله: علمی-

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد،‌ دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار،‌دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ادغام و اکتساب‌ها را می‌توان در حوزۀ مدیریت راهبردی سازمان‌ها یافت، این رخدادها نمودی از راهبردهای سازمانی، مدیریتی و مالی در زمینۀ خرید، فروش و ترکیبسازمان‌ها است. تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی عوامل پیش‌برنده ادغام و اکتساب در میان تعاونی‌های کشاورزی انجام شد. تحقیق حاضر به روش توصیفی همبستگی انجام و داده‌های مورد نیاز به روش پیمایش گردآوری گردید. جامعۀ آماری تحقیق را مدیران تعاونی‌های کشاورزی استان‌های غربی کشور بوده‌اند که با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان در نهایت ۱۵۷ نفر به صورت در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه‌ای بود که برای اندازه­گیری عوامل پیش‌برنده طراحی شد. روایی آن توسط پانل متخصصان تأیید شد. به منظور بررسی پایایی آن نیز از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد که مقدار ۸۰/۰ نشان از مناسب بودن پایایی ابزار داشت. به منظور داده‌پردازی از روش الگوسازی معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد تعاونی‌های کشاورزی به دلیل کمبود توان فنی و انسانی و به تبع آن افت توان رقابتی به شدت تمایل به ادغام و اکتساب دارند. افزایش نیاز روز افزون به کنترل رقبا و همچنین تکمیل زنجیرۀ‌تأمین از زمینه‌های دیگر مهم در تأمین انگیزه تعاونی‌های کشاورزی برای ادغام و اکتساب است.


 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Fields for Merger and Acquisitions in the Agricultural Production Cooperatives in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Zarei 1
  • Amir Alambeigi 2
  • Behrouz Zarei 3
1 MSc student, Tehran University
2 Assistant Professor, Tehran University
3 Associate Professor, Tehran University
چکیده [English]

Merger and Acquisitions (M&A) positions can be found in the area of organization management and strategic management. Merge and acquisitions manifest organizational strategies, managerial and financial, In relation to buying, selling and combining in organization. Hence, the present study aimed and was performed to investigate which factors are tangible in intention to merge and acquisitions among agricultural cooperatives. This research conducted as a descriptive correlation method and survey method was used to collect the required data. Sample of managers of agricultural cooperatives from western provinces, using the table as farmers and Morgan finally 157 were selected. The research instrument was a questionnaire that was designed to measure promoter variables. Its validity was confirmed by a panel of experts. In order to check its reliability Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used that 0/8 indicating the satisfied reliability. The structural equation modeling technique was used for data processing. The results showed that agricultural cooperatives due to lack of technical and human capacity and consequent loss of competitiveness are strongly inclined to merge and acquisition. Increased competition and the increasing need to control the supply chain, as well as other important areas of agricultural cooperatives in providing incentives for the merger and acquisition are important.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Financial Performance Potency
  • Technical Human Potency
  • Competitive Potency
  • Competitions Skill Potency
 

1. Akbulut, M. E., & Matsusaka, J. G. (2010). 50 + Years of Diversification Announcements. Financial Review, 45(2), 231-262.

2. Anderson, J., & Gerbing, D. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological bulletin, 103(3), 411-423.

3. Bedi, H. (2010). Merger & Acquisition in India: An Analytical Study. Paper presented at the National Conference on Business Innovation conducted by Apeejay Institute of Management, Jalandhar-144001, Punjab.

4. Ferraz, J. C., & Hamaguchi, N. (2002). Introduction: M&A and Privatization In Developing Countries. The Developing Economies, 40(4), 383-399.

5. Gaughan, P. A. (2010). M&A Outlook. Journal of Corporate Accounting & Finance, 21(2), 3-10.

6. Gomes, E., Angwin, D. N., Weber, Y., & Yedidia Tarba, S. (2013). Critical Success Factors through the Mergers and Acquisitions Process: Revealing Pre- and Post-M&A Connections for Improved Performance. Thunderbird International Business Review, 55(1), 13-35.

7. Grinstein, Y., & Hribar, P. (2004). CEO compensation and incentives: Evidence from M&A bonuses. Journal of financial economics, 73(1), 119-143.

8. Gugler, K., Mueller, D. C., Yurtoglu, B. B., & Zulehner, C. (2003). The effects of mergers: an international comparison. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 21(5), 625-65.

9. Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., Anderson, R.E. & Tatham, R.L. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (۷th edn). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

10. Haleblian, J., Devers, C. E., McNamara, G., Carpenter, M. A., & Davison, R. B. (2009). Taking stock of what we know about mergers and acquisitions: A review and research agenda. Journal of Management, 35(3), 469-502.

11. Hoang, T. V. N., & Lapumnuaypon, K. (2008). Critical Success Factors in Merger & Acquisition Projects: A study from the perspectives of advisory firms. Umeå University.

12. Kitching, J. (1967). Why do mergers miscarry. Harvard Business Review, 45(6), 84-101.

13. Nakamura, H. R. (2005). Motives, partner selection and productivity effects of M&As: the pattern of Japanese mergers and acquisitions. Stockholm School of Economics.

14. Nguyen, H., & Kleiner, B. H. (2003). The effective management of mergers. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 24(8), 447-454.

15. Ömür, G. A., Tunç, A. Ö., & Düren, A. Z. (2012). Patterns of Mergers and Acquisitions in Turkey in the Era of “New Normal”. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 58(0), 1611-1617.

16. Porter, M. E., & Millar, V. E. (1985). How information gives you competitive advantage. Harvard Business Review, 65(1), 149-160.

17. Raff, H., Ryan, M., & Stähler, F. (2009). The choice of market entry mode: Greenfield investment, M&A and joint venture. International Review of Economics & Finance, 18(1), 3-10.

18. Rahman, R. A., & Limmack, R. J. (2004). Corporate acquisitions and the operating performance of Malaysian companies. Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, 31(34), 359-400.

19. Trautwein, F. (1990). Merger motives and merger prescriptions. Strategic Management Journal, 11(4), 283-295.

20. Williamson, L. (1987). The Farmers' Cooperative Yardstick: Cooperative Mergers, Acquisitions and Other Forms of Restructuring: University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service.