تحلیل شکاف استراتژیک ابعاد مدیریت دانش

نوع مقاله: علمی-

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 پژوهشگر مدیریت

چکیده

طی دهه گذشته مدیریت دانش نه تنها برای دنیای آکادمیک، بلکه برای دستگاه‌های دولتی قانون‌گذار، بنگاه‌های اقتصادی، سرمایه‌گذاران و سهام داران نیز به عنوان یک موضوع مهم مطرح گردیده است. اگر چه بیشتر پژوهش‌های انجام شده در حوزه سرمایه فکری و مدیریت دانش در بخش خصوصی انجام شده است، اخیرا سازمان‌های دولتی از قبیل دانشگاه‌ها و مراکز تحقیقاتی نیز، به پژوهش در این حوزه علاقه شدیدی پیدا کرده‌اند. دلیل عمده آن این است که هدف اصلی دانشگاه‌ها تولید و اشاعه دانش بوده و مهم‌ترین سرمایه‌گذاری‌های این سازمان‌ها در حیطه تحقیقات و منابع انسانی است. علی‌رغم این واقعیت که ورودی‌ها و خروجی‌های اصلی دانشگاه‌ها ناملموس است، اما ابزارهای محدودی برای سنجش و مدیریت آن‌ها وجود دارد.
به دلیل اینکه عموما ادراک افراد از مدیریت دانش به طور ذهنی و با استفاده از واژه‌های زبانی مبهم صورت می‌گیرد، این مقاله در صدد است تا رویکرد فازی را برای مدیریت دانش در موسسات دانشگاهی به کار گیرد و شکاف بین انتظارات و ادراکات کارکنان و اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه‌های دولتی و آزاد یزد و اصفهان را مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار دهد. یافته‌های این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که در کل، دانشگاه‌های دولتی از وضعیت مطلوب‌تری در ابعاد مدیریت دانش نسبت به دانشگاه‌های آزاد برخوردارند. بیشترین شکاف مشاهده شده در دانشگاه‌های آزاد به ابعاد خلق دانش و سازمان یادگیرنده مربوط می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Strategic Gap Analysis of Knowledge Management Dimensions in Knowledge Based Organizations

نویسندگان [English]

  • Habib-Allah Doaei 1
  • Jalal Dehghani Sanij 2
1 Member, Faculty of Economic & Administrative Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Management Researcher
چکیده [English]

Knowledge management (km) have become a major issue not only for academics, but also for governments, regulators, enterprises, investors and other stakeholders during the last decade. Although most of the knowledge management and intellectual capital analysis refers to private firms, this growing interest has extended from private organizations to public ones, such as universities and research centers. This latest concern is due to the fact that universities’ main goals are the production and diffusion of knowledge, and their most important investments are in research and human resources. Despite the fact that their main inputs and outputs are basically Components, there are very limited instruments to measure and manage them. Because using fuzzy set theory, since staff perceptions of knowledge management are generally expressed subjectively in vague linguistic terms, thus, this paper tries to apply fuzzy approach to knowledge management in academic institutions and analyses the gap between staff and faculty members expectations and perception. We found that, in generally, public universities have better situation in knowledge management  relative to private universities. It is apparent that the greatest gap in  private universities, are in the knowledge creation and learning organizations dimensions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge Management
  • Strategic gap
  • Higher education institutions
  • Fuzzy logic
 

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