شبیه‌سازی سرمایه‌گذاری جمعی در اکوسیستم کارآفرینی فناورانه

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران.

2 دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف شبیه‌سازی سرمایه‌گذاری جمعی در اکوسیستم کارآفرینی فناورانه انجام شده است. روش پژوهش به‌صورت مطالعه موردی آمیخته کیفی-کمی و مبتنی بر روش پویایی سیستم است. برای گردآوری اطلاعات از بررسی‌های کتابخانه‌ای، بررسی متون علمی پژوهش، مقالات و نشریات تخصصی و مصاحبه با خبرگان استفاده شد و بررسی و تحلیل داده‌ها به روش رویکرد پویایی سیستم و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار ونسیم انجام گرفت. داده‌های حاصل نشان داد مدل پژوهش به‌خوبی تعاملات متقابل متغیرهای اثرگذار در این امر را نشان می‌دهد. جریانات نقدی، حساسیت بالایی را به تغییرات تعداد سرمایه‌گذاران در هر واحد نشان می‌دهد. همچنین افزایش مقررات اقتصادی تأثیرات بسیاری در متغیرهای توسعه کارآفرینی پایدار و توسعه پلتفرم‌های سرمایه‌گذاری جمعی می‌گذارد و موجب افزایش توسعه کارآفرینی پایدار می‌شود؛ افزایش سرمایه‌گذاری اثر مناسبی بر تقویت نوآوری در مراکز رشد و فناوری و کاهش دخالت دولت می‌گذارد؛ تغییر هزینه‌های ترویج باعث افزایش نرخ ترویج سرمایه‌گذاری جمعی در دوره‌های ۱۸ تا ۳۰ می‌شود و اثر بسیار مناسبی بر کاهش مالیات دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Simulation of crowdfunding in the ecosystem of entrepreneurship

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehran saeedi aghdam 1
  • Akbar Alemtabriz 2
  • Asghar sarafizadeh qazvini 3
  • Hessam zandhessami 1
1 Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.
2 Shahid Beheshti University
3 Tehran Markaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to simulate crowdfunding in the technology entrepreneurship ecosystem in order to better understand this phenomenon. The research method is a qualitative-quantitative mixture based on the system dynamics method. For data collection, library studies, review of scientific literature, articles and specialized publications, and interviews with experts were used. Data analysis and analysis was done using the system's dynamics approach and using Vensim software. The results of the analysis of the data showed that the research model as well as the interactions of the effective variables in this regard, such as the role of government, investors, entrepreneurs and so on. Cash flows show a high sensitivity to changes in the number of investors (population) per unit. Increasing economic regulation also has many effects on the variables of sustainable entrepreneurship development and the development of crowdfunding platforms, in which the development of sustainable entrepreneurship is sharply increasing. And increasing investment will have a beneficial effect on strengthening innovation in centers of growth and technology and reducing government interference; changing the costs of promotion will increase the rate of promotion of crowdfunding in the 18th to 30th period and have a very good effect on tax cuts.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic regulations
  • Platform development
  • Economic value creation
  • system dynamics
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