شناسایی ریسک‌های راهبردی زنجیره تأمین صنعت خودروسازی ایران

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه مازندران

2 دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

      امروزه ارزیابی توان صنعت خودروسازی در رویارویی با نبود قطعیت­ها و ریسک­های راهبردی موجود ضروری و تبیین ریسک­های راهبردی زنجیره تأمین بسیار با اهمیت است. در چنین فضایی، مدیریت این صنعت به دلیل داشتن چرخه زنجیره تأمین متقابل سفت و سخت، بدون توجه به ریسک­های راهبردی پیشروی آن امکان­پذیر نیست. لازمه مدیریت در این شرایط، شناسایی یکپارچه و منسجم ریسک­های راهبردی زنجیره تأمین است که برتری هر ریسک را بر اساس شاخص­های مرتبط مشخص کرده و در نتیجه امکان ارائه پاسخ مناسب برای تمامی ریسک­ها فراهم می­شود؛ بنابراین در این پژوهش با استفاده از روش فراترکیب و پیمایش، ریسک‌های راهبردی زنجیره تأمین صنعت خودروسازی استخراج شده است. به این منظور، ابتدا با استفاده از فراترکیب ریسک‌های راهبردی زنجیره تأمین شناسایی شد و در گام بعدی با نظرسنجی از خبرگان نتایج نهایی به این شرح به­دست آمد: ریسک­های شرایط اقتصادی، خط‌مشی‌ها و مسائل حاکمیتی، رقابت و نهادهای رقیب، روندها و توسعه محصول و ریسک‌های زیست­محیطی.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of Strategic Risks of Iran's Automotive Industry Supply Chain

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahmood Yahyazadeh Far 1
  • Adel Azar 2
  • Hasanali Aghjani 1
  • Ali Farhadian 1
1 university of Mazandaran
2 Tarbiat Modarres University
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, the assessment of the power of the automotive industry is necessary in confronting the uncertainties and existing strategic risks. Explaining the strategic risks of the supply chain is very important. In such a space, management of this industry is not possible due to the existence of a rigid cross-cycle supply chain, regardless of the strategic risks it poses. The need for management in these situations is the integrated and consistent identification of the strategic risks of the supply chain, which identifies the superiority of each risk based on relevant indicators and, as a consequence, provides an appropriate response to each risk. For this purpose, the strategic risks of the automotive supply chain have been extracted using the Survey and Meta-Synthesis methods. First, identifying the strategic risks of the supply chain and then examining the experts, the results of which were: the risks of economic conditions, policies and governance issues, competition and competing institutions, trends and development of product and environmental.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • risk
  • Supply chain performance
  • strategic management
  • Risk Management
  • Meta-Synthesis Approach

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