مفهومسازی بومی: روشنفکران و بیماری هلندی در ایران

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علوم و تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

2 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

جوامع گوناگون در زمان‌‌های مختلف همواره با وقایعی روبه‌رو بوده‌اند که واجد ویژگی‌های منحصربه فرد بوده و متفکران این جوامع نیز در جهت شناخت این پدیده‌های نوظهور سعی در مفهوم‌سازی و نظریه‌پردازی آن‌ها بر اساس دستگاه‌های نظری مختلف داشته‌اند. در شرایط سیطره فرهنگی و سیاسی مدرنیته‌ی غربی در قالب گفتمان‌های آکادمیک در کشورهای غیرغربی، در لایه‌های عمدتاً غیر آکادمیک این کشورها و بیشتربه وسیله روشنفکران که ارتباط بیشتری با متن اجتماعی داشته‌اند، به شکل مقدم مفاهیم و نظریه‌سازی‌های نوینی در عرصه‌ی اجتماعی شکل می‌گیرد. مفاهیمی که نقش مهمی در شناخت نیات، اهداف، مقاصد و اندیشه‌ اشخاص دارد. مسئله‌ نفت و پیامدهای اجتماعی آن در ایران معاصر موضوع تفکر بسیاری از متفکران و روشنفکران اجتماعی بوده است. بیماری هلندی بعنوان وضعیتی که در آن درآمد ناشی از فروش یک منبع طبیعی صرف واردات بی‌رویه کالاهای مصرفی و در نتیجه ایجاد تقاضای فزاینده‌ی کاذب می‌شود. در این نوشتار درپی آن هستیم تا با روشی تفسیری در قالب روش هرمنوتیک عینی به تحلیل دو اثر از روشنفکرانی که خطر این بیماری را چه بصورت مستقیم و آگاهانه و چه غیرمستقیم تشخیص داده بودند همت گماریم. این دو روشنفکر جلال آل احمد و محمد ابراهیم باستانیپاریزی هستند که به ترتیب در کتاب غرب‌زدگی و حماسه کویر به مسئله بیماری هلندی البته نه با این نام پرداخته‌اند و برخی پیامدهای آن را نیز متذکر شده‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Indigenous Conceptualization: Intellectuals and Dutch Disease in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdollah Dolatabadi 1
  • Abbas Jong 2
1 Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran
2 Allame Tabataba’i University
چکیده [English]

Various communities in various periods have encountered with the events with unique features and the theorists of these communities to recognize these new phenomena attempted to conceptualize and theorize them based on various theoretical systems. Under cultural and political dominance of western modernity in the form of academic discourses in non-western countries, in non-academic layers of these countries and mostly by the Intellectualswith more relationship with social context, it forms as prior form of new concepts and theorizing in social field.Oil issue and its social outcomes in contemporary Iran is the thought issue of many social Intellectualsand theorists. Dutch disease as a condition in which the oil-sale revenue is dedicated to unduly import of goods and creation of false increasing demand is one of the outcomes of oil issue in contemporary Iran and it has been investigated for years before 60s decade in European Netherland by Iranian Intellectuals. The present study attempted to analyze two works of the Intellectualsdetecting the risk of this disease as directive and consciously or indirectly by interpretive method in the form of objective hermeneutic method. These two Intellectualsare Jalal Al-e-Ahmad and Mohammad Ebrahim Bastani Parizi who referred to Dutch disease in the book of "Plagued by the West" (Gharbzadegi) and “Desert epic”(Hemaseye Kavir) respectively, but in the other terms and notions and some of outcomes of this phenomenon were also mentioned.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intellectuals Objective hermeneutic
  • Agriculture
  • Natural resources
  • Rentier Economy

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