قابلیت‌های پویای سازمانی و انعطاف‌پذیری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

  محیط رقابتی امروزی علاقه زیادی را نسبت به مباحث قابلیت­‌های پویای سازمانی و انعطاف­‌پذیری تولید ایجاد کرده است، اما با وجود شناخت منافع بالقوه این دو مفهوم، فعالان اجرایی و محققین درک درستی از ارتباطات بین آنها ندارند. لذا هدف این مقاله درک این مفاهیم پیچیده و نحوه تاثیرگذاری مولفه­‌های آنها بر هم می‌­باشد. در این پژوهش در ابتدا به منظور شناخت کامل مولفه‌­های قابلیت‌­های پویای سازمانی و انعطاف­پذیری تولید با بررسی مطالعات گذشته، از روش تحلیل محتوای متنی استفاده شد و در ادامه به منظور غنای این روش نظر خبرگان نیز لحاظ شد، که در نهایت 6 قابلیت پویای سازمانی و  14 بعد انعطاف‌­پذیری تولید از مطالعات گذشته استخراج گردید. سپس با استفاده از روش DEMATEL فازی و بر اساس نظر خبرگان تأثیر­گذاری این مؤلفه‌ها بر یکدیگر مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج تحلیل نشان می دهد تاثیرگذارترین قابلیت­‌های پویای سازمانی به ترتیب عبارتنداز: خلق و یکپارچه­‌سازی دانش، پیکربندی مجدد و شناخت فرصت‌­ها و مدیریت تهدیدها و از بین ابعاد انعطاف‌­پذیری تولید تاثیرپذیر ترین ابعاد به ترتیب، محصول جدید، عملیات و تولید می‌­باشد. همچنین نتایج تحلیل گویای تأثیر گذاری بسیار بالای قابلیت­‌های پویای سازمانی بر ابعاد انعطاف­‌پذیری تولید می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Organizational Dynamics Capabilities and Flexibility

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Khoobiyan
  • Alireza Pouya
  • Ahmad Tavakoli
  • Fariborz Rahimnia
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Today’s competitive environment has created a lot of interest toward organizational dynamics and production flexibility. However, despite knowing the potential benefits of these two concepts, practitioners and researchers do not have a good understanding of the relationship between them. As such, the present paper seeks to understand these complex concepts and the way they influence each other. In this research, the textual content analysis method was used for fully understanding the components of organizational dynamics and production flexibility along with investigating previous studies; next, the authorities of the field were consulted for adding to the richness of the method. Finally, 6 organizational dynamic abilities and 14 production flexibility aspects were extracted from previous studies. Next, the influence of these components on one another was measured using the fuzzy dematel method and the views of the authorities of the field. Results of the analysis indicate that the most influential organizational dynamics abilities are: creating and integrating knowledge, understanding and reconfiguring opportunities and managing threats; meanwhile, the most impressible aspects of production flexibility are: new products, operations, and production. In addition, results of the analysis indicate the large influence of organizational dynamic capabilities on the aspects of production flexibility.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • dynamic organizational capabilities
  • flexibility of manufacturing
  • content analysis
  • fuzzy Dematel

 

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