عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim and introduction: The regional development of new conceptual areas in theoretical planning texts aims to create an appropriate framework for achieving life standards, change and improve existing processes in order to satisfy citizens. Regional development can include various concepts such as social, cultural, economic, human development and so on. Social and cultural development as the most important factors in regional development has always considered by researchers. Social development defined as the use of various systems, devices and mechanisms for the improvement and well-being of human life and social reproduction. The purpose of social development is to create and change social processes planned to enhance the well-being of citizens in relation to the dynamic process of economic development. The general purpose of this research is to identify and measure the relationships between variables affecting social and cultural developments with a scenario-based approach. Other objectives of this research; Identify the key factors affecting the process of social and cultural development in Yazd province, explain the favorable and unfavorable futures of social and cultural development in Yazd province and formulate possible scenarios and select the optimal scenario for the development of social and cultural future in Yazd province.
Methodology: The Methodology used in terms of purpose is exploratory, explanatory and descriptive. The Methodology used in terms of purpose is exploratory, explanatory and descriptive because the purpose of this study is to identify and extract key factors, variables and drivers in the development of regions of Yazd province with a focus on social and cultural developments. Since this study refers to explaining the relationships between key factors and variables, it considered explanatory and is a descriptive study considering that it describes the future development of Yazd province with a focus on social and cultural developments.
Findings: In the discussion of identifying the key factors of development of Yazd province in the social and cultural realm by studying upstream documents, 33 basic, intermediate and cross-sectional goals have summarized. Then, according to the mentioned objectives, the key factors of the research identified. These factors studied and analyzed using Mick Mac software to assess the effects and status of each of these variables in the formed system. The total number of relationships formed in this study is 975. Of the 975 relationships identified, 114 were zero-number relationships, indicating that factors did not affect or affected by each other. Based on the analysis of the matrix formed in this study, the indicators of social justice group, social capital and quality of life are among the indicators whose degree of effectiveness is greater than their degree of effectiveness and it should be noted that most indicators of the above groups also have a degree of impact Are systems. What can understood from the situation of the distribution of variables affecting the social and cultural development of Yazd province is the very severe instability of the system. In general, variables have two types of direct and indirect effects. By identifying these variables among the 33 factors studied in this study, 9 main factors were selected as key factors affecting the development of Yazd province. These factors have a direct impact on the upper quartile. All factors have been repeated with a slight change in their rankings in indirect effects, which seems to be effective in improving the quality of key factors. According to the objectives, 9 factors placed in 3 groups: social justice, social capital and quality of life. These factors used as the main basis of the province's scenario writing in this section. These factors can imagined in different situations in the scene in front of the province's planning to achieve the goals of the vision document and the missions of the province. For this reason, accurate analysis of the conditions ahead and definition of possible situations is the main requirement for developing scenarios. In order to work accurately at this stage, experts were consulted and finally, by summarizing them, 18 situations were defined for three factors.
Discussion and Conclusion: Considering that this research has been conducted in Yazd province, 6 completely compatible scenarios were observed, which indicate that a dynamic situation governs the behaviors of social and cultural factors in the province and not all of them should be managed with a single policy. In general, it should be said that the main result of this study indicates that in Yazd province, 3 key factors are the main actors influencing the social and cultural development process. Show, but on the other hand do not consider the occurrence of critical situations far from expected. This research has selected the key and sensitive province factors and emphasized their macro-roles and tasks in order to achieve the goals of the basic theory. Finally, the realization of social development with components such as improving the quality of life, achieving equality and social justice and strengthening social capital and enhancing human capabilities will be possible if development in other dimensions, including political development, economic development, special development, economic development, Cultural development has happened. According to Iran's experience, development, especially social development, can achieved only by removing the obstacles to development and providing its conditions by the socio-political system. The present research has done on the social and cultural development of Yazd province. Since this issue of development can discussed in all areas, it suggested that they write a script for the future development of other areas using the techniques presented in this research. Also, considering the importance of the results of this research, it is suggested that in future research, strategies and managers' observations in implementing the results of this research be examined.