الگوی راهبردهای پرورش مدیران ارشد شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکترای رشته مدیریت فناوری در دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر بسیاری از شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان کشور ایران در بازار رقابتی با ناکامی مواجه شده‌اند. یکی از دلایل اصلی این ناکامی ضعف مدیریتی در این شرکت‌ها می‌باشد. فقدان یک الگوی جامع و علمی برای توسعه مدیریتی یکی از چالش‌های کلیدی پیش‌روی پرورش مدیران در شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان محسوب می‌شود. فقدان چنین الگویی امر توسعه مدیریت در این شرکت‌ها را با دشواری فراوان رو‌به‌رو می‌کند. این پژوهش به چالش مزبور پرداخته و با استفاده از رویکرد ترکیبی کارکرد-شایستگی الگویی برای طراحی راهبردهای پرورش مدیران ارشد شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان ارائه داده است. به این منظور، ابتدا کارکردهای‌مدیریتی مدیران ارشد شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان، شایستگی‌های مدیریتی و راه‌های توسعه هر شایستگی به عنوان مولفه‌های اصلی مدل پیشنهادی شناسایی گردید و سپس شایستگی‌های مربتط با هر کارکرد و راه‌های مناسب برای ارتقا هر شایستگی از طریق اخذ نظرات خبرگان و سپس ادغام آن‌ها به روش کپ‌لند مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش، مدیران ارشد شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان باید شش کارکرد اصلی را ایفا نمایند که عبارتند از برنامه‌ریزی و سازمان‌دهی، تیم‌سازی و توانمند‌سازی تیم‌ها، راهبری پرسنل، برانگیختن انگیزه کارکنان، ارزیابی روند‌های تکنولوژی و برقراری ارتباط با خارج سازمان، و نظارت و کنترل عملکرد کارکنان. به منظور ارتقا عملکرد مدیریتی مدیران ارشد، مدل پیشنهادی این پژوهش برای هر یک از کارکردها پنج شایستگی ضروری و برای ارتقا هر یک از شایستگی‌ها دو راه توسعه پیشنهاد داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Implementation of a Model for devising the Strategy of Management Development in Knowledge-Based Companies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammadreza Taghva 1
  • Ramin Dehghani 2
  • Seyed Habib alah Tabatabaiyan 3
1 School of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
2 PhD Student, Allameh Tabataba'i University
3 Associate Professor, Faculty Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

Abstract
In recent years, many Iranian knowledge-based companies have failed to achieve their pre-determined goals. One of the critical obstacles impeding these companies is their managerial deficiency. The lack of a comprehensive and scientific model for management development is one of the essential challenges of management nurturing in knowledge-based companies. The lack of such a model makes the management development in these companies very difficult. This study addressed this issue and developed a model for devising a strategy for nurturing senior managers in knowledge-based companies using a combined function-competency approach. To this end, managerial functions, managerial competencies, and the way to enhance each competency, as the main constructs of the model, have been identified. Then the competencies related to each function and the way appropriate for each competency development have been assessed.by mixing the comments acquired by relevant experts’ comments through the Copeland method. s. The results reveal that the managers of knowledge-based companies have to conduct six main functions, including planning and organizing, teams building and empowering them, leading personnel virtually, motivating staff, evaluating technological trends and communicating with the outside of the organization, monitoring and controlling staffs’ performance. The proposed model introduced five essential competencies for each function to be conducted properly and specified two ways for enhancing each competency.
In recent years, many Iranian knowledge-based companies have failed to achieve their pre-determined goals. One of the critical obstacles impeding these companies is their managerial deficiency. The lack of a comprehensive and scientific model for management development is one of the essential challenges of management nurturing in knowledge-based companies. The lack of such a model makes the management development in these companies very difficult. This study addressed this issue and developed a model for devising a strategy for nurturing senior managers in knowledge-based companies using a combined function-competency approach. To this end, managerial functions, managerial competencies, and the way to enhance each competency, as the main constructs of the model, have been identified. Then the competencies related to each function and the way appropriate for each competency development have been assessed.by mixing the comments acquired by relevant experts’ comments through the Copeland method. s. The results reveal that the managers of knowledge-based companies have to conduct six main functions, including planning and organizing, teams building and empowering them, leading personnel virtually, motivating staff, evaluating technological trends and communicating with the outside of the organization, monitoring and controlling staffs’ performance. The proposed model introduced five essential competencies for each function to be conducted properly and specified two ways for enhancing each competency.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Management Development Strategy
  • Senior Managers
  • Knowledge-based companies
  • Copeland method
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دوره 12، شماره 48
دی 1400
صفحه 25-48
  • تاریخ دریافت: 21 بهمن 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 01 فروردین 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 25 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 25 اردیبهشت 1400