عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim and introduction: Today's businesses strongly influenced by environmental changes and change is always present as a constant parameter, what enables an organization or business to survive effectively and efficiently is its ability to respond in a timely manner, appropriate to developments and changes. One of the main concerns of managers in this turbulent and complex situation is how to minimize the effect of external stimuli on their organization, promote market share, customer satisfaction and ultimately steal the competition from competitors. Business owners have always sought appropriate responses to these stimuli, including reviewing the business and improving business processes, as well as the use of appropriate technology.
Enterprise Architecture is a set of business processes that help the organization in transforming its vision and mission of business to effective change at the organizational level, through a clear understanding of the current situation and improving it to a better situation in the future. Enterprise Architecture is more than just an organizational design; it takes into account all aspects of an organizational system. The process of Enterprise Architecture should done in a turbulent business environment with the least cost and the least time and in an optimal way.
In Enterprise Architecture, one of the main skills of an architect is to identify emerging technologies that have likely benefits for the business and embrace those technologies. Enterprise Architects also understand how business events, such as integration, acquisitions, etc, can lead to the development of new architecture. However, although less well known, Enterprise Architecture in general known as a tool to deal with the risks of the business environment and take a better performance.
The purpose of the present study is to investigate investigating the impact of Technical Benefits of Enterprise Architecture on Organizational Performance in respect to the mediating role of Business Process Benefits.
Methodology: The research method applied in terms of purpose and descriptive Correlational in terms of data collection. The statistical population consists of experts from NIOC. The sample size estimated at 356 by Cochran formula. Questionnaires were distributed and collected by unrandom sampling available among experts. The validity of the questionnaire confirmed using experts' opinions and its reliability confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient before distributing. Structural Equation Modeling LISREL and SPSS software used for data analysis.
Findings: The results showed that the technical benefits of Enterprise Architecture had a positive effect on organizational performance. The technical benefits of Enterprise Architecture have a positive impact on business process reform. Business process reform has a positive impact on organizational performance. The technical benefits of Enterprise Architecture with the mediating role of business process reform have a positive impact on organizational performance.
Discussion and Conclusion: Enterprise Architecture is one of the most important and widely used for strategic alignment of information technology with the business of the organization and a powerful tool for organizing complex information systems and achieving better performance. Obviously, the more agile the Enterprise Architecture can meet the needs of business stakeholders in complex and volatile conditions, surely the better the business goals will be achieved, and it means better performance.
Enterprise Architecture influenced by the principles defined for agile software development and agile management. With the difference, that agile Enterprise Architecture has its own characteristics. Classical Enterprise Architecture frameworks prescribe a framework for different types of business, and the documentation is done according to a specific format and a specific level of detail, and usually are produced a large volume of documentation, regardless of business needs and their prioritization. Agile methods enable users and stakeholders to participate more actively and effectively in the process. Agile methods consider all architectural stakeholders, such as architects, developers and project managers, as part of the teamwork and try to strengthen and improve business processes by using innovative methods.
Agile Enterprise Architecture is able to use special models, techniques and methods to describe the status quo and the desired situation of the turbulent organization. In addition, the agile Enterprise Architecture contains a special plan called the transition plan, which determines how to achieve the desired state of a turbulent organization. Agile Enterprise Architecture is results-oriented and focuses more on creativity and initiative of individuals. The importance and necessity of Enterprise Architecture is when due to unforeseen changes in technology and mission on a turbulent organization, existing methods of Enterprise Architecture suffer from many problems. In practice, this framework seeks to improve the organization's resource management and performance, from the beginning of entering the organization and strategies, goals and processes.
Changes in business processes, due to rapid developments in technology, especially information technology, have created a competitive environment that inattention to it can lead to endangering the life of the organization, and this is where Enterprise technical Architecture will be critical to achieving higher business performance.