عنوان مقاله [English]
People's participation in political decisions has a long history. Public participation has been exposed to many development processes and has become particularly important in recent years. In Iran, also, this issue has recently come to the attention of policymakers. Hence, the purpose of this study is to investigate future scenarios of public participation in policy making in Iran. To achieve the final scenarios, a four-stage roadmap was set. Each stage contains some steps. Thematic analysis, cross-impact analysis, and uncertainty analysis are the main methods of data analysis. The statistical population of the research includes a multi-core team of experts in the fields of politics, economics, society, technology, environment, and law. The basis for selecting research experts was to be known in their field and also to be familiar with the concepts of futures research. The results showed that the future of public participation in policy making in Iran is not predetermined and is strongly affected by two uncertainties. On the one hand, the type of government can affect the status of public participation in policy-making, and on the other hand, national culture in this area for various reasons can be participatory or authoritarian, and thus the status of public participation in policy-making will be different. In this regard, four scenarios of consensus democracy, majority democracy, electoral authoritarianism, and closed system were examined. The possibility of participation only exists in two scenarios of consensus democracy and majority democracy. However, strong participation can be realized only in the scenario of consensus democracy.