عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim and Introduction: In today's complex world, one of the key elements to avoid fierce competition and widespread change is for the organization to know how and when to use information. The need for timely, reliable information and a strong information structure is an undeniable fact for any organization and institution and is a valuable lever for obtaining accurate and correct strategies. The last century, when we see new events and developments every day and thinkers have considered it as the "Age of Chaos"; it is a strong testimony to the need of human beings and organizations to prevent or deal with unrest. Today, information capital referred to as strategic information because it lead an organization to innovate, increase productivity , generate value for customers and be considered a competitive advantage. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of information capital on improving the performance of start-up businesses with the mediating role of human resource opportunism.
Methodology: This study applied one in terms of purpose and in terms of method and nature is a descriptive-survey research. In this study, a standard questionnaire used to measure the variables. In order to measure the information capital variable, Woo and Hu questionnaire (2012) and Hersi et al. (2008) questionnaire were used to measure the performance improvement variable of start-up businesses. In addition, Hills et al. (1997) and Lee et al. (2015) questionnaires were used to measure the human resource opportunism variable. To assess the validity of the data collection tool, the face validity method was used using the views of professors familiar with the subject and evaluation through the construct validity of the questionnaire with two criteria of convergent validity and divergent validity, based on which the validity of the questionnaire was confirmed. For the reliability of the Cronbach's alpha questionnaire, which shows the internal correlation of the item, as well as another criterion called combined reliability (to determine the reliability of structures); Used to better measure reliability. For the reliability of both of these criteria, a high value of 0.7 mentioned. In addition, to evaluate the internal validity of research variables, the index (AVE) used as a convergent validity index. It noted that if AVE ≥ is 0.5, it reports its desirability. Regarding the statistical population, it said that the statistical population of the present study are start-up businesses in Tehran that selected using the available sampling method. Regarding the estimation of the sample size, it noted that using the Cochran's formula, the sample size was determined to be 186 people at the 95% confidence level. Finally, the data analyzed by using structural equation modeling and Amos and SPSS software.
finding: In this research, structural equation modeling method used to test the research model and to test the research hypotheses. Findings showed that at the confidence level of 0.95, information capital has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance and opportunism of human resources. In addition, indirect path analysis reveals the mediating role of human capital opportunism in the impact of information capital on organizational performance.
Discussion and Conclusion: Information capital can lead an organization towards innovation, increase productivity and value creation for customers and be considered as a competitive advantage. Given the irreplaceable importance of information capital, it is obvious that its effective use is promising to be able to provide valuable data for making important decisions and the effectiveness of the organization's activities. Information capital has a positive effect on improving the performance of start-ups. This means that the implementation of information capital and more and better access of managers and employees to relevant information will increase the quality of goods and services, improve organizational performance and customer satisfaction. Information capital has a positive effect on human resource opportunism. Information plays a different role and value than other resources in the organization and this is due to its unique feature. Undoubtedly, providing information to human resources and its proper distribution in the organization will help human resources to identify opportunities and better understand issues. Human resource opportunism has a positive effect on improving the performance of start-ups. The creative minds of people can observe environmental changes well and improve the performance of the organization in this turbulent environment by recognizing the opportunities and providing the right solutions. It is clear that leadership in industry and the competitive environment is achieved through timely understanding and discovery of situations and opportunities.