‌ الگوی اکتشافی ارتقای رابطه‌ دانشگاه با صنعت

نوع مقاله : ‌علمی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشکاه شهید بهشتی

3 دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

با توجه به فضای ارتباطی  ضعیف میان رابطه صنعت و دانشگاه در کشورهای در حال توسعه و به‌خصوص ایران پژوهش به‌دنبال حاضر ارائه‌ الگویی در جهت ارتقای رابطه‌ دانشگاه با صنعت است. برای دستیابی به‌مدلی دقیق و عمیق، نظریه داده‌بنیاد مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر اساتید دانشگاهی هستند که آگاهی مناسبی از مشکلات موجود در روابط میان دانشگاه و صنعت و همچنین تخصص و پست‌های صنعتی و دانشگاهی مهمی داشته‌اند که بر اساس روش نمونه‌گیری غیراحتمالی گلوله‌برفی تعداد 19 نفر انتخاب و با استفاده مصاحبه نیمه ساختار‌یافته به تحلیل شاخص‌های مؤثر پرداخته شد. در نهایت نیز با استفاده از نتیجه‌گیری‌های از مصاحبه‌ خبرگان این حوزه، الگویی در راستای ارتقای روابط دانشگاه و صنعت طراحی و توسعه‌یافته است. مقوله‌ محوری مطالعه‌ حاضر، ضعیف بودن ارتباط دانشگاه با صنعت بوده است که پس از شناسایی عوامل علّی در سه دسته صنعتی ، دانشگاهی و مشترک،  راه‌کارها و استراتژی‌های نهایی در پنج قالب دولتی، دانشگاهی، صنعتی، الگوگیری و توسعه‌ نهادهای ‌مستقل تدوین‌شده و نهایتاً راه‌کارهایی در جهت بهبود رابطه صنعت و دانشگاه ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The exploratory pattern of promoting the university-industry relationship

نویسندگان [English]

  • Manijeh ghareche 1
  • ali parishani 1
  • salman eivazinezhad 2
  • naghi mirzaei 3
1 shahid beheshti university
3 university of tehran
چکیده [English]

According of weak relationship space between industry and university in developing countries and in particular Iran, this qualitative research is designed to provide a model for promoting the relationship between university and industry. In order to achieve a detailed and deep model, the data base theory method has been used. Past research has often been limited and one-sided, a combination of both quantitative and qualitative and abstract. In the course of the research, with the selection of 19 qualified members who have a good knowledge of the problems in the relationship between the university and industry, as well as the specialty and industrial and academic positions, it has been attempted to identify the causal conditions, the ground, the intermediary factors and the development strategies of the relations between The university and industry will be examined and presented. Finally, using these conclusions from the experts' interviews in this area, a model has been developed to promote university-industry relations. Data was collected by interview and semi-structured. After identifying causal factors in three industrial, academic and collaborative categories, The main issue of this study is the weakness of the relationship between university and industry, after identifying other effective conditions, final strategies and strategies in five government, university, industrial, modeling and development of independent institutions have been developed and the final model is presented based on it.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Development
  • university
  • Industries
  • Grounded theory
Agrawal, A. (2001). University-to-industry knowledge transfer: Literature review and unanswered questions. International Journal of Management Reviews, 3(4), 285–302.
Burnside, B., & Witkin, L. (2008). Forging successful university-industry collaboration. Research Technology Management, 26–30.
Bower, D. (1993). New product development in the pharmaceutical industry: Pooling Network Resources.
Cho, Y., Chen, Y., & Shen, Y. (2009). The research and application of web services in enterprise application intetarion. Research and pratiacl issues of enterprise information system, 254.
Danaeifard, H., & Azar, A. (2011). Creating organizational indifference theory: applying  research strategy of the grounded  theory in practice, Tehran, Imam Sadegh University, First Edition (In Persion).
Danaeifard, H., & Emami, S. M. (2007). Qualitative research strategies: a reflection on grounded theory. Management Thought, First Year, Second Issue, 69-97. (In Persion)
D’Este, P., Oscar, L., Rentocchini, F., & Yegros, A. (2109). The relationship between interdisciplinarity and distinct modes of university-industry, journal os sience direct, 48(9), 103799.
DTI (2001). Science and Innovation Strategy 2001, Department of Trade and Industry, London.
Eaves, Y. D. (2001). A synthesis technique for Grounded theory Data Analysis; Journal of Advanced Nursing, 35(5),  654-663.
Elfstr€ B.-O., Isaksson, O., & Lunde, R. (1997). Integrated competence development:A concept for company and university coordinated research. Proceedings from Sixth International Conference on Management of Technology (MOT 97), 641–650.
Fagerberg, J., Mowery, D., & Nelson, R. (Eds), The Oxford Handbook of Innovation.
Hooman, H. A. (2006). Practical guide to qualitative research, tehran: samat. (In Persion)
Jafarnejad, A., Mahdavi, A. M., & Khaleghi, F. (1384). Investigating the obstacles relationship between industry and uinversity and providing executive solutions, Quarterly Journal of Management Knowledge, 41, 41-62. (In Persion)
Jan Bower, D., (1993). Successful joint ventures in science parks. Long Range Planning, 26, 114-120.
Lee, Y. (2000). The sustainability of university–industry research collaboration: An empirical assessment. Journal of Technology Transfer, 25, 111–122.
Mahdavi, M. N. (2007). University and industry: mechanisms of university relationship with industry, Technology Studies Institute, 13-15. (In Persion)
Mahdavi, M. N. (1995). The role of the university in industrial development, importance of internships in effect of relationship of university-industry, Approach, 10, 15-10. (In Persion)
Mêgnigbêto, E. (2018). Modelling the triple helix of university-industry-government relationships with game theory: Core, Shapley value and nucleolus as indicators of synergy within an innovation system, Journal of Informetrics, 12(4), 1118-1132.
Merdith, S., & burkle, M. (2008). Building bridges between university and industry: theory and practice, Education and training, 50(3), 199-215.
Mowery, D.C., & Sampat, B.M. (2005). Universities in national innovation systems, inOxford University Press, Oxford, 209-39.
Nawaz Sh. (1989). Technology for Development. Program and Budget Organization. (In Persion)
Procedures and Techniques, Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Rynes, S. (2007). Let's create a tipping point: What academics and practitioners can do, alone and together. Academy of Management Journal, 50(5) 1046–1054.
Salter, A., D’Este, P., Pavitt, K., Scott, A., Martin, B., Geuna, A., Nightingale, P., & Patel, P. (2000). Talent, not technology: the impact of publicly funded research on innovation.
Santro, M.D., & chakrabati, A.K. (2001). Firm size and technology centrality in industry-university interactions, mit ipc working paper ipc-01-001
Santoro, M., & Bierly, P. (2006). Facilitators of knowledge transfer in university–industry collaborations: A knowledge-based perspective, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 53(4), 495–507.
Siegel, D., Waldman, D., Atwater, L., & Link, A. (2003). Commercial knowledge transfer from universities to ¯rms: Improving the e®ectiveness of university–industry collaboration. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 14, 111–133.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: grounded theory.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (2008). Basics of qualitative research. Translated by Mohammadi, Biok, and Tehran: Human Science & Cultural Studies Center Publication. (In Persion)
Strauss, A., & Krobin, J. (2011). Basic of qualitative research: technicqes and procedures for grounded theory, translated by Buick Mohammadi, Tehran, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Third Edition. (In Persion)
Streubert, H. J., & Carpenter D. R. (2003). Qualitative research in nursing, advancing humanistic imperative. Philadelphia Lippincott. The UK, Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, Brighton.