تبیین نقش راهبردی عملیات مدیریت زنجیره تأمین در بهبود عملکرد شرکت: مطالعه صنعت مواد غذایی ایران

نوع مقاله: علمی-

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 کارشناس ارشد، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

در عصر رقابتی کنونی، شرکت­ها به منظور کسب مزیت رقابتی و ارتقای موقعیت بازارشان می‌بایست بر قابلیت­ها و منابع کلیدی خود تمرکز نمایند. در واقع، رقابت ­پذیری شرکت­ های تولیدی بر توسعه شایستگی­ های آن‌ها متکی است. در این میان، مدیریت زنجیره تأمین به عنوان ابزاری قدرتمند جهت ارتقای رشد شرکت­ها و خلق مزیت رقابتی در نظر گرفته می­شود. عملیات مدیریت زنجیره تأمین نقش حیاتی در تصمیمات مدیریتی ایفا می­ کند تا آنجا که می ­تواند اثرات قابل ملاحظه­ ای بر سودآوری و موفقیت عملیاتی شرکت­ها اعمال نماید. هدف از تحقیق حاضر، مطالعه چگونگی اثرگذاری عملیات مدیریت زنجیره تأمین بر عملکرد شرکت است. به دلیل بررسی اکتشافی شاخص­ های متفاوتی از متغیر عملیات مدیریت زنجیره تأمین در این تحقیق، از روش تحلیل عامل اکتشافی استفاده شد. با توجه به نتایج حاصل از تحلیل عامل اکتشافی، عملیات مدیریت زنجیره تأمین بر اساس سه عامل عملیات تدارکات، عملیات تولید، و عملیات توزیع گروه­ بندی گردید و تأثیر این عوامل بر عملکرد شرکت با استفاده از رویکرد مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری به روش حداقل مجذورات جزئی (PLS) مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج حاصل حاکی از آن است که عملیات تدارکات اثری بر عملکرد شرکت نمی­ گذارد. همچنین یافته‌های تحقیق نشان می­ دهد که عملیات تولید و توزیع دارای اثر مستقیم و مثبت بر عملکرد شرکت است و موجب بهبود عملکرد می­ گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the Strategic Role of Supply Chain Management Operations in Firm Performance Improvement: A Study of Iranian Food Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • S.M. Hosseini 1
  • N. Sheikhi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University
2 MA in Business Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

Facing a globally competitive age, firms should focus on their own key capabilities and resources to achieve competitive advantages and enhance their market position. In fact, the competitiveness of manufacturing firms is relied on development of competencies. Supply chain management (SCM) is considered as a powerful tool for driving growth and creating competitive advantages. Supply chain management is a concept that involves different perspectives and has been the subject of numerous studies in different academic fields and empirical examinations. Among other related issues, the operations involved in supply chain management play a critical role in managerial decisions and can exert significant leverage on profitability and operational success. The aim of this research is to study how supply chain management operations affect firm performance. The compiled data for this study were analyzed by structural equations modeling using PLS-Graph software. In analytical statistics of this paper, whereas different indices of supply chain management operations have been reviewed explanatory, for identifying the latent variables, EFA was applied using SPSS software. The results indicate that procurement operation has no direct positive impact on firm performance. Also, according to the findings, production and distribution operations influence firm performance directly and positively and result to improvement in firm performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Supply chain management operations
  • Procurement operations
  • Production operations
  • Distribution operations
  • Firm Performance
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